Nistler CoBPA Faculty Research

Celebrate the impact of our research.

Dr. Sean Valentine article accepted for publication in the Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal

Please join us in congratulating Dr. Sean Valentine, Chair and Professor in The Middleton School of Entrepreneurship & Management, for his paper accepted for publication in Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal.

Journal: Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal (JQL Level 2) 

Title: “The Impact of Ethical Forms of Organizational Leadership and Ethical Employment Contexts on Employee Job Satisfaction in Nigerian Hospitality and Recreation Firms”  

Authors: Sean Valentine (University of North Dakota), Lynn Godkin (Lamar University), and Gary Fleischman (Texas Tech University) 


From an employee responsibilities perspective, the use of ethical forms of organizational leadership are advantageous, often resulting in ethical practices and other desirable work outcomes. However, the constructive and enduring impact of such leadership is not fully considered in unique global contexts such as Nigeria, a country characterized by corruption, distrust, and a dissatisfied citizenry. Using multiple theoretical perspectives and data collected from individuals working for hospitality and recreation firms located in Nigeria, this study explored whether ethical forms of organizational leadership are related to ethical employment contexts and employee job satisfaction. Dimensions of transformational and servant leadership that reflect ethical leader actions were positively related to ethical employment contexts, including perceptions of ethical values, social responsibility, and professional standards. Measures of ethical employment context and ethical organizational leadership were also positively associated with job satisfaction. A combination of transformational and servant leadership should institutionalize ethical employment contexts in Nigerian hospitality organizations and enhance employees’ work attitudes.