UND Today

University of North Dakota’s Official News Source

Blue Origin rocket takes UND students’ experiment into space

Knowledge gained about bioluminescence in microgravity will complement ongoing research

Blue Origin’s rocket, named “New Shepard” for astronaut Alan Shepard, launched Dec. 11 in Texas. The suborbital, reusable rocket is designed to send payloads past the boundary of space. UND Space Studies students sent a payload up with the latest launch. Image courtesy of Blue Origin.

NEAR VAN HORN, TEXAS – A team of Space Studies student researchers from the University of North Dakota, called the “Dinonauts,” recently helped successfully launch into space and recover a research project aboard Amazon founder Jeff Bezos’ Blue Origin reusable rocket, New Shepard.

The launch and recovery took place on Dec. 11 at the West Texas Launch Site near Van Horn.

“We’ve been working hard and many late-night hours for the past year to bring this dream to reality,” said James Stoffel, a UND Space Studies master’s degree student and co-team lead. “There were so many great learning opportunities, challenges and talented minds from across the country, with the philosophy to #NeverGiveUP and be #DreamersDoers.”

Fellow UND Space Studies Student and Co-team Lead Laura Banken added, “A talented team came together to make this research possible. Together, we were able to address complex scientific questions to learn about life processes in microgravity. This research supports the next steps in manned spaceflight — to the Moon, Mars and beyond!”

Co-team lead James Stoffel can be seen holding a Fighting Hawks flag in front of New Shepard’s crew capsule, standing alongside other researchers involved with the Dec. 11 launch. Image courtesy of James Stoffel.

The research

The experiment, titled “Dinoflagellates: A Study of Enzyme Kinetics in Microgravity,” uses bioluminescent algae, called Dinoflagellates, to study the influence of microgravity on biochemical reactions at the cellular level. The knowledge gained from the experiment will complement ongoing research efforts on the effects of microgravity on the human body— specifically skeletal, muscular and cardiac systems, which need to be better understood for long duration manned spaceflight.

The UND payload was part of the 2018 Ken Souza Memorial Student Spaceflight Research Competition, hosted by the American Society for Gravitational and Space Research, which encourages student investigators to develop original research proposals in space life and physical sciences.

On the left panel, a long-exposure shot shows the bioluminescent properties of dinoflagellates contained in a beaker. On the right, a dinoflagellate in isolation. UND Space Studies researchers developed their experiment to study the influence of microgravity on biochemical reactions. Image courtesy of James Stoffel.

UND Space Studies Professor and Director of the Human Spaceflight Laboratory Pablo de León said, “The Dinonauts team has achieved the rare privilege of flying an experiment with Blue Origin. This has been possible thanks to the capacity, enthusiasm and persistence of James Stoffel and Laura Banken, student leads and the entire Dinonauts team.

“Being an educational payload flown by Blue Origin is a source of pride for our department and allows us to plan for other payloads for the near future. Our thanks also go to the Ken Souza Memorial Student Spaceflight Research Competition and to Blue Origin for this amazing opportunity.”

Blue Origin’s New Shepard system is a fully reusable, vertical takeoff and vertical landing space vehicle. New Shepard is capable of carrying hundreds of pounds of payloads or up to six astronauts per flight beyond the Kármán line (100 kilometers high, or 62.1 miles ), the internationally recognized boundary of space.

From left to right, Feraidoon “Fred” Bourbour, James Stoffel and Laura Banken pose with the Dinonauts’ Blue Origin payload before its flight on New Shepard this past Thursday. Image courtesy of James Stoffel.

Looking forward

UND Space Studies researchers, among others, stand in front of New Shepard’s reusable booster. Image courtesy of James Stoffel.

With last Wednesday’s rocket flight a success, the Dinonauts Team is looking forward to the next opportunity to expand its research and knowledge on future long-duration space flights.

“The research we’re doing off the Earth will also benefit our world on Earth and beyond,” Stoffel said.

The team includes co-team leaders, James Stoffel and Laura Banken; and fellow UND student researchers, Sophie Orr, Terry Rector, Marissa Saad, Feraidoon “Fred” Bourbour, Dario Schor and Eryn Beisner; along with their faculty mentor UND Assistant Professor of Space Studies Michael Dodge J.D., LL.M.

Follow on Social Media

To follow the team’s progress please visit:

Twitter: @UND_Dinonauts

Facebook: @UNDDinonauts

Instagram: UND_Dinonauts

For further inquiries, please contact the Team at UNDDinonauts@gmail.com

About Blue Origin

Blue Origin was established by Amazon CEO and Founder Jeff Bezos with the vision of a future where millions of people live and work in space. Reusability is key to realizing this vision. Blue Origin’s record-setting New Shepard was the first fully reusable vertical takeoff and vertical landing space vehicle to fly above the Kármán line five times and land safely back on Earth.