Nistler CoBPA Faculty Research

Celebrate the impact of our research.

Dr. Sean Valentine received Best Paper Award at SWAM 2022!

Congratulations Dr. Sean Valentine, Chair and Professor in The Middle School of Entrepreneurship & Management, received the Best Paper Award at the Southwest Academy of Management Meeting in 2022!

Authors: Robert Giacalone (John Carroll University) and Sean Valentine (University of North Dakota)

Title: “The Hazards of Unethical Work Experiences: The Serial Impact of Moral Injury on Work-Related Stress, Trauma-Induced Ill-Being, and Moral Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder”

Abstract: The business ethics literature highlights the many ways that an unethical work context negatively impacts employees. However, limited research has investigated how unethical experiences can injure individuals from a moral perspective, possibly leading to significant distress and moral trauma. Using ethical impact theory and data collected from business professionals, this study explored the relationships among moral injury, work-related stress, trauma-induced ill-being, and moral post-traumatic stress disorder. The serial mediation analysis indicated that moral injury was positively related to stress, and that both moral injury and stress were positively related to ill-being. Moral injury, stress, and ill-being were also positively related to moral post-traumatic stress disorder. Finally, the results indicated that moral injury indirectly influenced post-traumatic stress disorder through stress and ill-being, suggesting that moral injury progressively affects multiple adverse work experiences. Employers should focus on reducing the unethical experiences associated with moral injury, thus mitigating its harmful effects on employees.